Pronoun Case

Pronoun Case

What is Pronoun Case?

Case is the form of a pronoun that shows the reader how it functions in a sentence. The three pronoun cases are subjective, objective, and possessive.

Three Types of Pronoun Case:

  1. Subjective
    Subjective pronouns function as the subjects in clauses.

    Ex of subj: They have the flu.
    Ex of subj: After he hit the golf ball, Nick walked to the next tee.

    The following are subjective pronouns: I, he, she, it, we, you, they, who, whoever.
  2. Objective
    Objective pronouns function as the objects in clauses.

    Ex: Brendan gave me the flu.
    (In this example, me is the direct object of the verb “gave.”)
    Ex: Their opinion of him has suffered.
    (In this example, him is the object of the preposition “of.”)

    The following are objective pronouns: me, him, her, it, us, you, them, whom, whomever.
  3. Possessive
    Possessive pronouns show ownership in clauses.

    Ex: I am sick of his whining.
    Ex: Her umbrella is cute.

    The following are possessive pronouns: my, mine, his, hers, its, our, ours, your, yours, their, theirs, whose.

Tips for Pronoun Case:

  • If the object of a preposition is a pronoun, that pronoun will always be objective case.
    Ex: Cold weather is welcomed by us skaters.
  • If a pronoun follows any form of the verb "to be" (am, are, is, was, were, be, been), the pronoun will always be subjective case.
    Ex: “This is she,” Julia answered into the phone.
  • Possessive pronouns never contain apostrophes.
    Ex: This coat is yours (not your's).
  • Don't use "I" or "you" in your essays, unless the instructor permits it.


Pronoun Chart:
The chart below illustrates how pronouns change in their subjective, objective, and possessive forms.
Subjective Objective Possessive


1st person

I me my, mine

2nd person

you you your, yours

3rd person

he, she, it him, her, it his, her, hers its


1st person

we us our, ours

2nd person

you you you, yours

3rd person

they them their, theirs




Interrogative Pronouns

who whom whose
" " whoever whomever

Pronoun case shows the reader how the pronoun functions within the sentence, whether it’s the subject, object or shows ownership. There are three pronoun cases: subjective, objective, and possessive.

Page last updated June 26, 2023.